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THE PROGRAM ON THE REGULATION OF CATTLE-BREEDING AND MANAGEMENT OF PASTURES HAS STARTED
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THE PROGRAM ON THE REGULATION OF CATTLE-BREEDING AND MANAGEMENT OF PASTURES HAS STARTED

The Ministry of Agriculture has started radical changes in the cattle-breeding sphere. The new programs are aimed, on the one hand, at the restoration of the old traditions, and on the other hand -  at the use of new and modern approaches.

 The program will be implemented in four regions, four villages simultaneously. Karin Tak is one of the villages.

Cattle-breeding, which suffered greatly in the early 90s, is still one of the painful issues of the Artsakh agriculture. “In many cases, the cattle-breeding is limited to the fact that the cattle is taken out of the barn in the morning and driven back in the evening. And we believe that we benefit from this, because we don’t keep a shepherd, don’t pay to him, and don’t care for pastures. However, it turns out that neither the cattle breeders' incomes grow, nor the villages-adjacent lands are fully cultivated, as pets periodically cause them damage.”, Deputy Minister of Agriculture Tigran Arustamyan described briefly the situation, well aware of the problems in the cattle-breeding sector“.

This is typical of almost all the villages of Artsakh. The sphere’s officials took all this as a starting point for reforms. The trial stage of the program was implemented in Taghavard. And on August 29, the Government approved the program, which currently covers four villages in four regions. “Karin Tak was chosen in the Shushi region, Shakhmasur – in the Martakert region, Aygestan – in the Askeran region, and Togh – in the Hadrut region”, said head of the Zootechny and Veterinary Department of the Ministry of Agriculture Norayr Musayelian.

The people of karin tak were the first to learn about the new program to be implemented in their village. The possibilities of the village in the field of cattle-breeding were thoroughly studied. The community has 2167 hectares of land, of which 942 hectares are pastures. The number of cattle is 200, small cattle - 55, pigs - 64. About 27 tons of beef, a ton of mutton, and 12.7 tons of pork in live weight are produced here annually. “In general, the ratio of the pastures to the livestock testifies that the pastures are used by 20%, i.e. can be considered underused”, Norayr Musayelian said.

Judging by the numbers, there should be no problems with pastures in Karin Tak. But the fact is that they are used unevenly. Those located far from the village are almost not used and have overgrown with thickets, and those near villages are used mercilessly, but remain without care. Changes are proposed, based on the factors indicated. They include several directions. “On the one hand, pastures need to be put in order: to clear them from overgrowth, to irrigate, to provide the cattle with water on the spot. On the other hand, we will improve the roads leading to the pastures”, the head of the department said.

In general, within the framework of the program, about 6 million drams will be allocated for the improvement of the pastures, 480 thousand drams - for the improvement of the roads leading to the pastures, 1 million 56 thousand drams – for the irrigation of the pastures.

What will the program give? First of all, 155 hectares of pastures will be restored for use. The farmers (there are many of them in Karin Tak), after improving the fields, will be insured against the damage to the fields by animals.

The expectations can be presented in specific numbers. As a result of the program implementation in the following years, about 32 tons of beef and 1.2 tons of mutton (in live weight) will be produced annually in the community, that is, the growth will be 20% and 15% respectively, as well as 235,850 liters of milk will be produced, the average milk production per cow will make 2650 liters, and the growth rate, compared with 2017, will increase by 10.5%.

 

Norayr Hovsepian